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搭配记忆法巧解英译汉,家庭在教育中的作用

发布时间:2019-11-01 19:21编辑:必赢亚州真实网址浏览(179)

      大家事先说过,复习报考学士[微博]法语要珍视真题,在回忆词汇和演练阅读驾驭、翻译题的时候要整合真题做搭配回想,并辅以相应的演习,下边大家就以真题为例,从当中选用出轻易并发的考试的地点,让二零一四的考生越来越深厚地掌握“搭配回忆”法。

    1 Good parenting

      【相关真题】

    Good schooling
    The parent-child relationship

      ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

    2 Build strong family relationships

      【高频考试的场面】

    Build a sense of belonging
    Have meals as a family
    Share family chores
    Share ideas and feelings

      1.发生变化:experiencechanges

    Strengthen family bonds
    Family bonding activities

      2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

    Achieve a good work-family balance
    Help their children with homework

      3.XKF会对青少年人作案的可能率爆发影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

    Monitor their children's academic performance
    Are more involved in their children's education

      4.扩充大概性:increasethe probability

    These parents believe that they are more involved in their children's education than their own parents were.

      5.间接的报应关系还尚未构建起来:adirect causal relationship has not yet been established

    Teach their children good manners
    Provide good role models for their children

      6.可分明的来头:identifiablecauses

    3 Working parents

      7.违法的一颦一笑:offensiveacts

    It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

      8.有些事发生尤为多:thegrowing incidence of something

    Have busy careers
    (Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

      【翻译演练】

    Internet addiction
    Spend too much time online
    Weaken family bonds
    Feel disconnected from each other
    Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

      ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

    4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

      ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

    Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
    Stifle their creativity
    Damage their self-esteem

      结构提醒:than was common in the traditional familystructure浮现比较的逻辑关系,相比的双边是后日的孩子与守旧家庭的孩子。

    Spoil their children
    Permissive parents
    (Children) can behave as they please

      ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

    Are understanding and supportive
    Respect their feelings
    Support their choices
    Respect their individuality

      ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

    Western parents try to respect their children's individuality.

      结构提醒:frustration or failure in school, theincreased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语合营组成句子的宾语。

    Give them advice and support
    Encourage them to think independently
    Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
    Help them achieve their potential

      ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established。

    5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

      【仿照效法译文】

    This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

      ①最近几年,家庭也发生了有的生成。

    Provide them with emotional support
    (Children) Seek advice from parents
    Damage their emotional health

      ②单亲家庭或然老人都要上班的家园越来越多,那样一来,家庭对男女的承接保险比古板家庭恐怕会少一些。

    6 Develop good moral values

      ③贫乏爸妈监督被以为对小伙犯罪的可能率有料定的熏陶。

    Teach children the difference between right and wrong
    Teach children about social responsibility

      ④别样能够找到的犯罪行为的缘故包蕴在这个学校的倒闭和曲折、毒品和酒越来越轻易取得、荼毒孩子和大体孩子的平地风波更是多。

    7 Good behavior

      ⑤怀有那几个条件往往会扩大青少年人违规的恐怕性,固然它们中间直接的善有善报天道好还关系还从未鲜明。

    Follow school rules
    Develop self-control
    Well-behavior students
    Teach them good manners and etiquette

      “搭配回主张”对我们回忆单词、攻下翻译题有一点都不小的帮手,但其他神奇的诀窍都急需在长久的无冬无夏中听得多了就能说的清楚,希望我们在后来的复习进程中,能遵照这种情势把真题吃透,齐心协力,你会发觉成效确实不错!

    Break school rules
    Unacceptable behavior

      来源:文都教育

    8 Their peers

    Peer pressure
    Are in their formative years
    Often act on impulse

    Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their parents.

    Are influenced by peer pressure
    Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
    Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying, youth crime

    Feel lonely and isolated

    9 Behavior problems

    Unruly students
    Drop out of school

    Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their decision later.

    Are involved with gangs and crime

    Take responsibility for their own actions
    Have respect for their neighbors and communities

    10 Youth crime

    Lack self-control
    Do not think about the consequences of their actions
    Commit a crime

    Reduce/ prevent youth crime
    Become law-abiding citizens

    11 Prepare them well for adult life

    Increase their independence
    A responsible member of society
    A productive/ contributing member of society

    (Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/ contributing members of society

    (School) prepare students to be...
    Produce well-rounded individuals

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